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Home / Kootenay Rockies / Central Kootenay / Rossland

Rossland

Rossland is located high in the Monashee Mountains and is popular as a 4-season adventure playground. With stunning views and access to hundreds of kilometers of trails, those with an affinity to the outdoors have a never ending choice of activities. Mountain biking, road biking, horse riding, hiking can all be found in Rossland. The surrounding lakes and rivers offer excellent fishing, and other water sports such as whitewater rafting, kayaking and paddleboarding are easy to find. Golf, zip lining and much more means you are spoiled for choice in this area of natural beauty in the mountain ranges of the West Kootenay area of British Columbia.

Location

Rossland is located in south-eastern British Columbia just north of the US/Canada border on BC Hwy 22. It is 36.6 km (23 mi) south of Castlegar on Hwy 22; 77 km (48 mi) south of Nelson via Hwy 22 and Hwy 3A; 9 km (5.5 mi) west of Trail on Hwy 22 and Hwy 3B; 96 km (60 mi) east of Grand Forks via Hwy 3B and Hwy 3. The nearest airport is the West Kootenay Regional Airport in Castlegar.

Things to See & Do
  • Experience the Gold Rush
    Summer in Rossland by Tourism Rossland/Ryan Flett
     Summer in Rossland. Photo: Tourism Rossland/Ryan Flett

    The Rossland Museum is located on the original site of the Le Roi Gold Mine and showcases artifacts and houses a geology centre with gold panning opportunities. Located in the Miners Hall in Rossland, The Gold Fever Follies entertain visitors in the summer with a musical revue that takes a humorous look at the people and times of the gold rush through dance, old time tunes and even a little mischief.

  • Biking
    Mountain Biking in Rossland
     Mountain Biking in Rossland. Photo: Destination BC/Dave Heath

    The tracks and trails left over from the town's mining days at the turn of the 20th century, has provided hundreds of kilometers of trails that crisscross mountains and valleys and offer fun for both the expert and novice rider. The Seven Summits Trail is known worldwide with its 30 km (18 mi) plus of incredible rides over seven mountain ridges. Not surprisingly, Rossland is known as the Mountain Biking Capital of Canada.

  • Golfing

    The mountains, valleys, rivers and lakes, not to mention the stunning views, make the Kootenay Rockies region a unique golfing destination. With many 18-hole and some 9-hole courses, those near Rossland include: Red Stone Resort, a Les Furber designed course; Birchbank Golf Course situated on the Columbia River near Trail; Christina Lake Golf Club, another Les Furber designed course situated amid Ponderosa Pines; and Castlegar Golf Club, located on a plateau that overlooks the Kootenay and Columbia Rivers.

  • Watersports

    Whitewater rafting on the Columbia River will provide some thrilling experiences. Kayaking (either rent or bring your own) and paddleboarding opportunities abound in the lakes. Or, if you enjoy casting a line, there are many lakes that provide lots of opportunities to fish for Rainbow trout, Cutthroat trout, Kokanee, Bull trout and Bass.

  • Winter Activities
    Downhill Skiing at Red Mountain Resort
     Downhill Skiing at Red Mountain Resort. Photo: Destionation BC/Kari Medig

    All types of winter sports can be found in and around Rossland. Located on the Powder Highway, Red Mountain is popular for skiing and snowboarding and has the world's largest cat skiing operation. New runs have been opened on Grey Mountain adding to the amazing winter ski opportunities. Cross-country skiing, fat biking, snowshoeing and more are all available right here.

A Step Back in Time
Horseback Riding in Rossland
 Horseback Riding in Rossland. Photo: Destination BC/Dave Heath

Rossland found itself on the map in the late 19th century when an abundance of gold was discovered on the slopes of Red Mountain. Of the five claims that were staked, Le Roi became the most famous producing some thirty million dollars in its lifetime. The railway arrived, the town grew and by the early 1900s Rossland was one of the largest cities in Western Canada boasting saloons, banks and even law firms.

Unfortunately, in 1901, everything started to change, initially with the Miners' Union Strike. The long strike was eventually settled however the owner of Le Roi mine, Whittaker Wright, fell into financial ruin. The ensuing scandal shook investors' faith in Le Roi and other Rossland mining stocks such that they never fully recovered. In 1902 the high quality ore was starting to wain and lower grades were being found at deeper levels. The same year, the City of Rossland suffered the first of several fires and in December 1905 the Centre Star powder house exploded.

Some of the mines began to amalgamate in 1905 and formed the Consolidated Mining and Smelting Company. This company eventually grew into the giant Cominco operation, now called Teck, that supports the area today. Eventually, all the mines were joined underground and operated as one large mine. Production slowly declined and in 1922 the Great Northern Railway removed the rails of the Red Mountain Railway. Two more great fires, in 1927 and 1929, destroyed the commercial area and Red Mountain was closed.

Whilst the population had significantly decreased and residents were suffering from the Great Depression of the 1930s, the highway was being built and with the continued success of the Cominco plant at Trail, Rossland became a residential community for the workers. By the early 1940s the Second World War was in place and the last of the mine leases were closed permanently.

Today, the mountains have created a playground for the adventurous and tourism is growing significantly.

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More Information

Tourism Rossland

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Background Photo Credit: Destination British Columbia

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